1146 – European leaders outlawed the crossbow.
1645 – American Indians and the Dutch made a peace treaty at New Amsterdam. New Amsterdam later became known as New York.
1682 – William Penn sailed from England and later established the colony of Pennsylvania in America.
1780 – General Benedict Arnold secretly promised to surrender the West Point fort to the British army.
1806 – New York City’s second daily newspaper, the “Daily Advertiser,” was published for the last time.
1809 – Charles Doolittle Walcott first discovered fossils near Burgess Pass. He named the site Burgess Shale after nearby Mt. Burgess.
1862 – The Confederates defeated Union forces at the second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, VA.
1905 – Ty Cobb made his major league batting debut with the Detroit Tigers.
1928 – The Independence of India League was established in India.
1941 – During World War II, the Nazis severed the last railroad link between Leningrad and the rest of the Soviet Union.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur set up Allied occupation headquarters in Japan.
1951 – The Philippines and the United States signed a defense pact.
1956 – In Louisianna, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened.
1960 – A partial blockade was imposed on West Berlin by East Germany.
1963 – The “Hotline” between Moscow and Washington, DC, went into operation.
1965 – Thurgood Marshall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a Supreme Court justice. Marshall was the first black justice to sit on the Supreme Court.
1982 – P.L.O. leader Yasir Arafat left Beirut for Greece.
1983 – The space shuttle Challenger blasted off with Guion S. Bluford Jr. aboard. He was the first black American to travel in space.
1984 – The space shuttle Discovery lifted off for the first time. On the voyage three communications satellites were deployed.
1984 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and several others, were inducted into the Sportscasters Hall of Fame.
1991 – The Soviet republic of Azerbaijan declared its independence.
1993 – On CBS-TV “The Late Show with David Letterman” premiered.
1994 – Rosa Parks was robbed and beaten by Joseph Skipper. Parks was known for her refusal to give up her seat on a bus in 1955, which sparked the civil rights movement.
1994 – The largest U.S. defense contractor was created when the Lockheed and Martin Marietta corporations agreed to a merger.
1996 – An expedition to raise part of the Titanic failed when the nylon lines being used to raise part of the hull snapped.
1999 – The residents of East Timor overwhelmingly voted for independence from Indonesia. The U.N. announced the result on September 4.
2002 – Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum merged to create ConocoPhillips. The new company was the third largest integrated energy company and the second largest refining company in the U.S.
2006 63rd Venice Film Festival: “Still Life” directed by Jia Zhangke wins Golden Lion
2012 Cholera outbreak kills 229 people in Sierra Leone
2012 A blast in the in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, China, kills 26 miners with 21 missing
2013 15 people are killed by a liquid ammonia leak at a cold storage plant in Shanghai, China
2013 “12 Years a Slave” based on the memoir by Solomon Northup, directed by Steve McQueen and starring Chiwetel Ejiofor, Michael Fassbender and Benedict Cumberbatch premieres at the Telluride Film Festival (Best Picture 2014)
2015 15th World Championships in Athletics close at Beijing, China
2015 English author Frederick Forsyth (The Day of the Jackal) reveals that he worked for MI6 for more than 20 years
2015 Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad calls for the removal of current Prime Minister Najib Razak during 2nd day of street protests